Genus: Vulpes vulpes
Size: Males (dogs)– 45 inches; weight 13 lb.; Females (vixens) – 42 inches; weight 11 lb.
Breeding: Sexual maturity; 10 months
Gestation: 53 – 63 days
No. of Young: 4 – 5 cubs
Lifestyle: Nocturnal; complex family living in dens; but many are solitary.
Diet: Earthworms, rabbits, birds, rodents, insects, fruit.
Lifespan: 18 months to 2 years in the wild.
Up to 15 years in captivity.
For thousands of years, man has hunted the red fox for its fur. In England foxes are hunted with foxhounds, a practice that many people regard as inhumane.
Red foxes are most active during the hours between midnight and dawn. Even in big cities, foxes can be seen in vacant lots or on undeveloped land. Their calls can be heard most often during the mating season.
Foxes can carry the dangerous rabies virus. In parts of Europe, where many wild animals suffer from the disease, attempts have been made to eradicate rabid red fox populations.
Another sign that foxes are in the area is the presence of their distinctive paw prints.
By learning to recognize a particular fox by an identifying characteristic, such as its particular coloring, you can more readily observe and take note of its habits.
Foxes have whiskers on both their legs and their faces. These help them find their way.
A Fox’s tail is called a brush, and it becomes thicker in the winter.
Native toNorth America, Europe, Asia, and North Africa.
Red foxes are not an endangered species.