Genus: Ursidea americanus
Size: 200-475 lbs., length 5-6’; Height 2-3’
Breeding: June & July
Mating: Females (sow) 2 years
Gestation: 22 days
No. of young: 1 or 2 (cubs)
Diet: Berries, acorns, nuts, grass, herbs, insects, meat & fish
Lifespan: Up to 30 years in captivity
Black bears live in forests, swamps and mountain regions of North America. They have poor eye sight and hearing and depend on their strong sense of smell to survive. Black bears spend most of their time searching for food. With the population growing and their habitat disappearing, they are forced into populated areas and have become a nuisance to man.
The black bear is the most common bear in the U.S. and comes in colors such as brown and cinnamon. They have short ears, a thick head and sharp snout with a very short tail and strong claws on their feet and they can easily climb trees.
Cubs are born at the end of January, while bears are still in their dens. They weigh as little as ne half pound. Cubs stay with their mother for two years.
Black bears do not hibernate, but rather fall into a deep sleep from which they can awaken quickly. During their inactive period, their body temperature drops, heat rate drops and they may loose up to 30% of their body weight. Sometimes bears wake up and leave their dens to eat.