Scientific Name: Canis lupus hudsonicus

Diet: smaller animals like lemmings, shrews and arctic hares make up the staple part of their diet, but they also feed on caribou, deer, elk, & moose

Size: Length of head and body: 180cm-196cm Weight: 34 - 46 kg

Habitat: Little preference for specific habitat. The arctic wolves follow the migrating caribou for distances of over 500 km from the arctic tundra in summer to the boreal woods in winter.

Reproduction and Development: Wolves mate at 2 - 3 years of age. They mate for life. A few weeks prior to the birth, the female aided by other pack members, digs a den in the site of a hill or uses a cave. The den has a tunnel several feet long at the end of which is a chamber for the mother and pups. Both male and female bring meat home in their stomachs and regurgitate it for the pups to eat as they age.

Life span: 10 - 18 years in captivity

Nature Notes: Wolves are very social animals and live in family "packs". There is an alpha pair in each pack, which means that one pair dominates the group. All adults co-operate in feeding and educating the young. Only the alpha couple breeds. The size of the pack increases with the size of the prey. Wolves have complex system of communicating which involves sound, smell, facial expressions and body movements, but not keen eye sight. They can hear and recognize another wolf's howl from 6 miles away. They can also smell about 6 feet below the packed snow for burrowing animals. Their face is larger and less pointed and ears are more rounded then most wolves. The tail acts as a balancing organ. They have non-retractable claws that act as tiny shovels to help them dig.