Scientific Name: Eublepharis macularis
Range: Iran, India, Pakistan and Western India
Habitat: Deserts and arid grasslands
Diet: Crickets, earthworms, grasshoppers and other small insect
Life Span: More than 20 years
Description: Adults range from 8-10 inches (20.3-25.4 cm) and have a light yellow base coat with dark brown spots. Males are generally larger than females, with females only growing to 7-9 inches (17.8-22.9 cm).
Family Life: When born, the young have alternating bands of yellow and brown, which eventually break up and become spots. Once the lizards mate, all of the eggs for the next fifteen months will be fertilized. The female lizard lays two eggs at a time for four or five months. The sex of the hatchling is determined by the temperature of the egg. Eggs between 79 and 83 degrees are female, those between 84 and 86 degrees are half of each sex, and those over 87 degrees are male.
Status in the Wild: Exportation of wild geckos from their native habitats was banned in the early 1970's. Currently, only Pakistan is allowing the lizards to be exported into the United Sates. The decreased trade of the animals has helped to ensure their populations in their native land. Almost all of the leopard geckos found in the United States today are captive bred.
Nature Notes: Leopard Geckos have moveable eyelids. They lack to sticky toe pads (lamellae) that allow other lizards to cling to vertical surfaces. Like other lizards, they have a natural defense hidden in their tails. When a predator bites into their tail, it can immediately detach from the lizard, so it can run away from the distracted predator. They are able to regenerate new tails fairly quickly, although they are much shorter and wider than the original tails.
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